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TITLE Detecting nondecomposability of time evolution via extreme gain of correlations
KIAS AUTHORS Kim, Jaewan,Lee, Su-Yong
JOURNAL PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 2018
ARCHIVE quant-ph/1804.09925
ABSTRACT Noncommutativity is one of the most elementary nonclassical features of quantum observables. Here we propose a method to detect noncommutativity of interaction Hamiltonians of two probe objects coupled via a mediator. If these objects are open to their local environments, our method reveals nondecomposability of temporal evolution into a sequence of interactions between each probe and the mediator. The Hamiltonians or Lindblad operators can remain unknown throughout the assessment, we only require knowledge of the dimension of the mediator. Furthermore, no operations on the mediator are necessary. Technically, under the assumption of decomposable evolution, we derive upper bounds on correlations between the probes and then demonstrate that these bounds can be violated with correlation dynamics generated by non-commuting Hamiltonians, e.g., Jaynes-Cummings coupling. An intuitive explanation is provided in terms of multiple exchanges of a virtual particle which lead to the excessive accumulation of correlations. A plethora of correlation quantifiers are helpful in our method, e.g., quantum entanglement, discord, mutual information, and even classical correlation. Finally, we discuss exemplary applications of the method in quantum information: the distribution of correlations and witnessing dimension of an object.
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