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TITLE Extended mean-field approach for chimera states in random complex networks
KIAS AUTHORS Yi, Sudo
JOURNAL CHAOS, 2022
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ABSTRACT Identical oscillators in the chimera state exhibit a mixture of coherent and incoherent patterns simultaneously. Nonlocal interactions and phase lag are critical factors in forming a chimera state within the Kuramoto model in Euclidean space. Here, we investigate the contributions of nonlocal interactions and phase lag to the formation of the chimera state in random networks. By developing an extended mean-field approximation and using a numerical approach, we find that the emergence of a chimera state in the Erdos-Renyi network is due mainly to degree heterogeneity with nonzero phase lag. For a regularly random network, although all nodes have the same degree, we find that disordered connections may yield the chimera state in the presence of long-range interactions. Furthermore, we show a nontrivial dynamic state in which all the oscillators drift more slowly than a defined frequency due to connectivity disorder at large phase lags beyond the mean-field solutions.
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