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TITLE Proper relativistic position operators in 1+1 and 2+1 dimensions
KIAS AUTHORS Choi, Taeseung
JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS A, 2020
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ABSTRACT We have revisited the Dirac theory in 1 + 1 and 2 +1 dimensions by using the covariant representation of the parity-extended Poincare group in their native dimensions. The parity operator plays a crucial role in deriving wave equations in both theories. We studied two position operators, a canonical one and a covariant one that becomes the particle position operator projected onto the particle subspace. In 1 + 1 dimensions the particle position operator, not the canonical position operator, provides the conserved Lorentz generator. The mass moment defined by the canonical position operator needs an additional unphysical spin-like operator to become the conserved Lorentz generator in 1+1 dimensions. In 2+1 dimensions, the sum of the orbital angular momentum given by the canonical position operator and the spin angular momentum becomes a constant of motion. However, orbital and spin angular momentum do not conserve separately. On the other hand the orbital angular momentum given by the particle position operator and its corresponding spin angular momentum become a constant of motion separately.
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