||Thermodynamic uncertainty relation in the overdamped limit with a magnetic Lorentz force
||Park, Hyunggyu ,Park, Jong-Min,Park, Hyunggyu
||PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH, 2021
||In nonequilibrium systems, the relative fluctuation of a current has a universal trade-off relation with the entropy production, called the thermodynamic uncertainty relation (TUR). For systems with broken time reversal symmetry, its violation has been reported in specific models or in the linear response regime. Here, we derive a modified version of the TUR analytically in the overdamped limit for general Langevin dynamics with a magnetic Lorentz force causing time reversal broken. Remarkably, this modified version is simply given by the conventional TUR scaled by the ratio of the reduced effective temperature of the overdamped motion to the reservoir temperature, permitting a violation of the conventional TUR. Without the Lorentz force, this ratio becomes unity and the conventional TUR is restored. We verify our results both analytically and numerically in a specific solvable system.