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Seminar
NUMBER P22027
AUTHOR Park, Changbom,Yoon, Yongmin
TITLE Evidence for Impact of Galaxy Mergers on Stellar Kinematics of Early-type Galaxies
ARCHIVE https://arxiv.org/abs/2112.13703
FILE  
JOURNAL ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 2022
ABSTRACT We provide observational evidence that galaxy mergers significantly affect stellar kinematics of early-type galaxies (ETGs) such as specific stellar angular momentum within the half-light radius (lambda(Re) ) and kinematic misalignment (psi(mis)), using MaNGA integral field unit spectroscopic data that are in the Stripe 82 region of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. In this study, tidal features around ETGs, which are detected in deep coadded images, are used as direct evidence for mergers that occurred recently. In the case of ETGs that do not have dust lanes, lambda R-e is lower in ETGs with tidal features than in those without tidal features (median lambda R-e : 0.21 versus 0.39) in all stellar mass and Sersic index ranges except the most massive bin, so that the fraction of ETGs with tidal features in slow rotators is more than twice as large as that in fast rotators (42% versus 18%). Moreover, ETGs with tidal features have larger psi (mis) than those without tidal features (mean psi (mis): 28 degrees versus 15 degrees). By contrast, ETGs with dust lanes are fast rotators, and ETGs with both dust lanes and tidal features have the highest lambda R-e (median lambda R-e : 0.59) among all ETG categories. In addition, ETGs with dust lanes have small psi (mis) regardless of the existence of tidal features (psi (mis) < 7.degrees 5). Our results can be explained if mergers with different gas fractions generate merger remnants that have different kinematic properties.
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